An affidavit is a written statement of facts voluntarily made by a person, which is sworn to be true. It is signed before a person who is authorized by law to administer oath or affirmation.
It is an offence to knowingly make a false affidavit. The person can be prosecuted and if used in court, can be punished for contempt of court.
An affidavit is used whenever a person making a decision requires to rely on the statement of an individual. It is used as evidence in courts as well as for government departments and agencies that provide various services and facilities. Affidavits may be required in property transactions, change of name or other personal details, immigration and nationality services or even when applying for jobs and benefits.
You need to provide your account of the facts/the events as they actually happened and the reason for which you are making the affidavit. Your full name and address is required.
Usually an affidavit must be signed in front of a solicitor, or a notary public, or other judicial officer. Courts and Government departments also have designated officers to administer oath and witness affidavits.