A power of attorney (POA) is a written authorization to represent or act on another’s behalf in private affairs, business, or some other legal matter. The person authorizing the other to act is the principal, grantor, or donor (of the power). The one authorized to act is the agent or attorney. It is used when one is unable to decide and/or act personally because of either distance or any form of incapacity.
Power of Attorney is often used to depute another to act on one’s behalf in property transactions, entering into personal and commercial agreements and dealing with government departments, companies and other agencies.
Because it gives another power to act in a way to affect one’s affairs and property, the signature of the grantor is to be authenticated by appropriate witness.
Power of Attorney can be general (to act in all matters) or specific (to act in a particular transaction); perpetual (until revoked or death of the grantor) or for a limited time.